Select Page

Intro to Texturing – Blender 2.80 Fundamentals

Blender is Free and Open Source Software
Support core Blender development –

This tutorial is part of the Blender Fundamentals series, produced by Dillon Gu.

Find more free tutorials on:

Follow Blender on social media:
* Twitter:
* Facebook:


Introduction to Texturing in Blender #

Texturing is a fundamental aspect of 3D art, as it adds color, details, and realism to the surface of 3D models. In Blender, you can create and apply textures using a variety of techniques and tools. This guide will provide an introduction to texturing in Blender, discussing the key components and methods used to create and manipulate textures.

Texturing Components #

  1. Texture Maps: Texture maps are 2D images that store different types of information, such as color, roughness, or displacement, which can be used to control various material properties. There are multiple types of texture maps, including:
    • Diffuse/Albedo: Represents the base color of the object.
    • Normal/Bump: Simulates surface details without altering the geometry.
    • Roughness: Controls the shininess and specularity of the surface.
    • Metallic: Determines the metallic properties of a surface.
    • Ambient Occlusion: Enhances shadows and depth in crevices and corners.
    • Displacement/Height: Modifies the geometry based on height information.
  2. UV Maps: UV maps are a coordinate system that defines how 2D textures are applied to the 3D object’s surface. They are created by unwrapping the 3D mesh onto a 2D plane, allowing texture maps to be correctly placed and aligned.
  3. Texture Nodes: In Blender’s Shader Editor, you can use various texture nodes to import or generate texture maps. Examples include Image Texture, Noise Texture, Voronoi Texture, and Gradient Texture.

Texturing Techniques #

  1. UV Unwrapping: UV unwrapping is the process of flattening a 3D object’s surface onto a 2D plane to create a UV map. Blender provides several unwrapping methods, such as Unwrap, Smart UV Project, and Lightmap Pack. You can manipulate and organize UV maps using the UV Editor.
  2. Image Texturing: Importing 2D image textures is a common way to add details to your 3D models. You can use existing image textures, create your own in a 2D image editing software, or generate them using texture baking. In Blender, you can import image textures using the Image Texture node in the Shader Editor.
  3. Procedural Texturing: Procedural texturing uses mathematical algorithms to generate patterns and details without the need for image textures. These textures are resolution-independent and can be easily customized. Blender offers various procedural texture nodes, such as Noise Texture, Voronoi Texture, and Musgrave Texture.
  4. Texture Painting: Blender provides texture painting tools that allow you to paint directly onto your 3D object’s surface in the 3D viewport. This approach offers greater control and artistic freedom, as you can interactively create and edit textures. Switch to the ‘Texture Paint’ mode in the 3D viewport to start painting your textures.

Getting Started with Texturing #

To begin texturing in Blender:

  1. Create or import a 3D object to your scene.
  2. Unwrap the object to create a UV map (if required).
  3. Open the Shader Editor and create or select a material for the object.
  4. Add texture nodes to the material’s node setup to control different material properties.
  5. Connect the texture nodes to the corresponding shader inputs and adjust their settings.

By understanding the fundamentals of texturing in Blender, you can add realistic details, color, and surface properties to your 3D models, enhancing the overall visual quality of your scenes. Mastering texturing techniques is crucial for creating engaging and lifelike 3D artwork in Blender.

Tips for Texturing in Blender #

  1. Seamless Textures: Use seamless textures to avoid visible tiling or repetition on the surface of your 3D models. Seamless textures can be created using image editing software or found in various online texture libraries.
  2. Texture Resolution: Choose appropriate texture resolutions for your project. Higher resolution textures provide more detail but consume more memory, while lower resolution textures save memory but may appear blurry or pixelated.
  3. PBR Workflow: Utilize a Physically-Based Rendering (PBR) workflow to achieve more realistic materials by using multiple texture maps (e.g., albedo, roughness, metallic) in conjunction with the Principled BSDF shader node.
  4. Blender’s Texture Atlases: Combine multiple textures into a single image (texture atlas) to optimize performance and memory usage, particularly for real-time applications like games and interactive experiences.
  5. Mix Textures: Use the MixRGB node in the Shader Editor to combine and blend multiple textures for added complexity and variety in your materials.

By exploring and mastering texturing techniques in Blender, you can create visually stunning and detailed 3D models and scenes, which is essential for producing high-quality artwork. Whether you’re creating realistic or stylized projects, understanding the texturing process is a critical skill for any 3D artist working with Blender.

Powered by BetterDocs